Total RNA Extraction and Analysis from Rhesus Monkey (Macaca mulatta) Brain Tissue Using AffiRNA Technology

Total RNA extraction from monkey (Rhesus) brain tissue is a crucial step in molecular biology and neuroscience research aimed at understanding the genetic basis of brain function and disease. The quality and quantity of RNA extracted directly impact downstream applications such as gene expression analysis, RNA sequencing, and functional genomics studies. In this article, we provide a technical overview of the AffiRNA method for extracting total RNA from monkey brain tissue. 

The extraction of high-quality total RNA from brain tissue of the Rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) is essential for various molecular biology applications. This study investigates the efficacy of AffiRNA technology for isolating intact RNA with minimal degradation from Rhesus monkey brain tissue. The procedures, results, and analyses of RNA quality and quantity are presented.

Total RNA is critical for numerous biological experiments, including gene expression analysis, RNA sequencing, and transcriptomic studies. Extracting RNA from brain tissue poses unique challenges due to the tissue's complex structure and high metabolic activity. AffiRNA technology offers a robust method for obtaining high-quality RNA, making it suitable for demanding applications.

Materials and Methods


  • Rhesus monkey brain tissue (100 mg per extraction)
  • AffiRNA extraction kit
  • RNase-free reagents and consumables
  • Mechanical homogenizer
  • Microcentrifuge
  • Spectrophotometer (e.g., NanoDrop)
  • Agarose gel electrophoresis apparatus
  • Ethanol (75%)
  • Isopropanol


Sample Collection and Preparation:

  • Brain tissues were collected from healthy adult Rhesus monkeys post-euthanasia, adhering to ethical guidelines.
  • Samples were immediately snap-frozen in liquid nitrogen and stored at -80°C until processing.
  • Approximately 100 mg of brain tissue was used for each RNA extraction.

RNA Extraction Protocol

  • Homogenization:
    • Tissues were homogenized in 1 ml of AffiRNA lysis buffer using a mechanical homogenizer until no visible tissue fragments remained.
  • Phase Separation:
    • The homogenate was centrifuged at 12,000 x g for 10 minutes at 4°C to separate the aqueous phase from the organic phase.
    • The aqueous phase containing RNA was carefully transferred to a new RNase-free tube.
  • RNA Precipitation:
    • Isopropanol (0.5 ml) was added to the aqueous phase, mixed by inverting the tube several times, and incubated at room temperature for 10 minutes.
    • The mixture was centrifuged at 12,000 x g for 10 minutes at 4°C to pellet the RNA.
  • RNA Washing:
    • The RNA pellet was washed with 1 ml of 75% ethanol and centrifuged at 7,500 x g for 5 minutes at 4°C.
    • The supernatant was discarded, and the pellet was air-dried briefly.
  • RNA Resuspension:
    • The RNA pellet was resuspended in 30 µl of RNase-free water and incubated at 55°C for 10 minutes to dissolve the RNA completely.

RNA Quality and Quantity Assessment

  • Spectrophotometry:
    • RNA concentration and purity were measured using a NanoDrop spectrophotometer. The A260/A280 ratio was used to assess RNA purity.
  • Agarose Gel Electrophoresis:
    • RNA integrity was evaluated by running 1 µg of total RNA on a 1% agarose gel stained with ethidium bromide. The presence of distinct 28S and 18S rRNA bands was used as an indicator of RNA integrity.


Yield and Purity:

  • The average yield of total RNA from 100 mg of Rhesus monkey brain tissue was 35-50 µg.
  • The A260/A280 ratio for all samples ranged between 1.9 and 2.1, indicating high purity and minimal protein



  • Agarose gel electrophoresis showed distinct and sharp 28S and 18S rRNA bands with minimal degradation, confirming the integrity of the extracted RNA.
  • RNA integrity number (RIN) values, obtained using a Bioanalyzer, were consistently above 8.0, indicating high-quality RNA suitable for downstream applications.


Efficiency of AffiRNA Technology

  • AffiRNA technology proved to be efficient in extracting high-quality total RNA from Rhesus monkey brain tissue.
  • The protocol is straightforward and reproducible, making it suitable for laboratories with varying levels of expertise.

Comparison with Other Methods

  • Compared to traditional RNA extraction methods, AffiRNA provided higher yields and better RNA integrity.
  • The method's efficiency in preventing RNase contamination and degradation during the extraction process was evident from the high RIN values and sharp rRNA bands.


  • The high-quality RNA obtained using AffiRNA is suitable for a range of molecular biology applications, including qPCR, RNA-Seq, and microarray analysis.
  • The method can be adapted for other tissues or species, making it a versatile tool for molecular biology research.


  • While AffiRNA technology is highly effective, the initial cost of the extraction kit might be a limiting factor for some laboratories.
  • The requirement for specialized equipment such as a mechanical homogenizer and spectrophotometer may also limit accessibility.

AffiRNA technology is a reliable and efficient method for extracting high-quality total RNA from Rhesus monkey brain tissue. The integrity and purity of the RNA make it suitable for advanced molecular biology applications, contributing significantly to the field of neurogenomics and other transcriptomic studies.

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